BMI Categories


Underweight = <18.5

Normal weight = 18.5-24.9

Overweight = 25-29.9

Obesity = 30+<

Real Life Nutrition operates out of Endocrinology Assoc. Inc

1030 S. Jefferson Street Suite 200 Roanoke VA 24016

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Weight: lbs.
Height: ft. in.

Body Mass Index
According to the values entered:


Body mass index (BMI) is a measure of body fat based on height and weight that applies to both adult men and women.

Please enter your weight and height located below and then click on “Calculate BMI” and your BMI will be displayed.

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What is Diabetes?

Diabetes is a disease in which the body doesn't make or use insulin very effectively. Insulin is a hormone made by the pancreas, that helps us convert sugar and starch to the energy we need to live. The cause of diabetes in not known, but both your family history and your lifestyle can play a part.

Usually an Oral Glucose Test (OGTT) can help determine if you have diabetes. The American Diabetes Association recognizes the following numbers as diabetes or pre-diabetes.


Fasting (no food for more than 8 hours) = 110-125mg/dl

2 hours after OGTT or a big meal = 140-199 mg/d


Fasting (no food for more than 8 hours) = Greater than 126mg/dl

2 hours after OGTT or a big meal = Greater than 200mg/dl

Types of Diabetes

Type 1 diabetes results from the body's failure to produce insulin, the hormone that "unlocks" the cells of the body, allowing glucose to enter and fuel them. It is estimated that 5-10% of Americans who are diagnosed with diabetes are Type 1 diabetics. People with Type 1 Diabetes will have to take insulin shots to use the energy from food. Without enough insulin, the body will use fat for energy and produce ketones that can be harmful, while the glucose in the blood gets dangerously high. This can lead to dehydration and a condition called diabetic ketoacidosis (dka).

Type 2 diabetes results from insulin resistance (a condition in which the body fails to properly use insulin), combined with relative insulin deficiency. Most who are diagnosed with diabetes have type 2 diabetes. People with type 2 diabetes will often be on just diet and exercise to control their blood glucose. Some will need pills. It is important to eat small amounts of carbohydrate at a time to avoid an overload of glucose in the blood. Some people with type 2 diabetes for a long period of time may eventually go on insulin.

Pre-Diabetes is a condition that occurs when a person's blood glucose levels are higher than the normal range but not high enough to be diagnosed type 2 diabetes. There are 41 million Americans who have pre-diabetes, in addition to the 20.8 million with diabetes. Diabetes is preventable, see a dietitian for specific lifestyle changes you can make to lower your risk of developing diabetes.

If you have diabetes, you should count your carbohydrates (95% of a carbohydrate turns to blood glucose within 10 minutes to 1 1/2 hours after you eat). The bigger the amount you eat at one sitting, the higher your blood glucose. Protein and fat do not turn to glucose, but watch out for saturated fats, because of your cholesterol. To count your carbohydrate, use your food label. Look primarily at the Serving size, and the Total Carbohydrate. You do not need to look at sugar, because these are included in the total.

Goals for Diabetes Meal Planning

 Eat small to moderate amounts of carbohydrates at a time. Spread your carbohydrates over the entire day. You may need snacks between meals. Carbohydrates are from Starch and sugar of any kind. Carbohydrates are what raise your blood sugar. By eating small servings, you can avoid high blood sugars. You may need insulin or medication to keep your blood sugar down. Don't completely avoid carbohydrate.


Limit Saturated (animal) fat to help control your cholesterol.


Limit sodium to help control your blood pressure, and fluid retention.

Balance your calories you consume with those that you burn (if you are sedentary, you do not need that many calories). If you eat more calories than you burn, you will gain weight.